How can DoD contractors Identify Vulnerabilities in their IT Network?

Identifying threats and system vulnerabilities is essential when it comes to DoD contractors’ network security. However, the problem is that most DoD contractors are small or mid-sized businesses. They have limited resources to build a robust IT security team. Thanks to IT services for government contractors, more contractors are now becoming cybersecurity compliant and taking practical steps towards addressing system vulnerabilities.

Once your asset inventory has been established, and you are confident, it is time to begin scanning for vulnerabilities. Utilizing automated techniques is the most efficient way to learn about the vulnerabilities in your technology ecosystem. Your entire digital environment should be scanned for vulnerabilities using automated tools or scanners. Your automated solutions ought to include current feeds that reflect the most recent details on risks or exposures that are relevant to the technology you are utilizing.

Vulnerability Tools: What Are They?

Numerous automated scanners and solutions are available to assist businesses in finding vulnerabilities in their environments and apps. OWASP and Gartner have compiled lists of accessible tools and solutions.

The breadth of the scans should be broad, and automated instruments should be set up to run continuously. The environment surrounding present vulnerabilities is constantly shifting, as was already mentioned. The number of unknown weaknesses also rises as scan intervals lengthen. The likelihood of unknown flaws lingering in your environment for a long time is decreased by continuous scanning.

Also, thorough scans are recommended. It may be a good idea to run scans within your on-premises production environment, but what about the flaws in your public cloud or staff endpoints? Finding flaws in those systems could be equally crucial as it is in an on-premise production environment. A risk assessment should be conducted by IT solutions and services company, as with any risk mitigation effort, to determine which settings are the most dangerous and call for scans.

Prioritizing and Reporting

Concluding reports can be scary for people who have previously seen vulnerability reports because they often involve much work to review and determine which vulnerabilities need to be fixed immediately. Action plans or SLAs that specify how the business will respond to vulnerabilities when they are discovered should be decided upon and documented by a security practitioner or security team. The Common Vulnerability Scoring System (CVSS) score of a vulnerability is a valuable benchmark that should be utilized to choose the best course of action.

A widely used method for judging the seriousness of technological security flaws is the CVSS. Security professionals can prioritize response activity by using the severity rankings the CVSS scoring system assigns to vulnerabilities. Scores vary from 0 to 10, with 10 being the most serious, and are determined based on predetermined criteria. A corporation should become familiar with the CVSS score methodology and plan how it will respond to the various ratings in advance.

What is the Best Course of Action for a Response or Remediation?

It is advised that businesses form a steering committee to decide on response strategies and priority setting. The steering committee should be composed of a cross-functional group capable of evaluating the information available on vulnerabilities found and choosing the best course of action. A network team member, software developers, site reliability engineers, and a customer service representative are possible candidates. They will all value the chance to learn more about the vulnerability and how the suggested remediation plan might affect their own teams or your clientele.

Pulling feedback from all interested parties or sponsors will help ensure that any concerns or suggestions are taken into account and provide all parties a chance to buy in or support the suggested solution. A proposed patch may involve a restart or downtime. Are there any additional risk-reducing measures the panel can take if a fix is not readily available in some circumstances? In the end, the committee will have to decide between remediating the detected vulnerability, mitigating its effects, or accepting the risks that come with it.

Assessing Your Security Maturity Using the Maturity Model

Not every business or other entity is created equally. A strong, thorough, ongoing vulnerability management program may already exist in more developed firms. Some companies may only be beginning to roll out their program. The strength or maturity of your program can be ascertained in any case.

The SANS has released a vulnerability management maturity model that defines five distinct maturity levels and lists the actions a business should take to achieve each level. Reviewing the model to see how they compare to the predetermined standards may benefit an established company. When building its risk management program, a start-up or less professional organization may elect to follow the model as a guide.